The following is a list of some of the more common Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) regarding my fine art and services. If your question isn’t answered here or my explanation and the information given is unclear, feel free to contact me or make a request in the form below:

Original Fine ART

See also my Original Artwork shop for more information and prices

How do you define your artwork style?

I am a fairly old-school type of artist. I love the artwork of the post Renaissance classical masters. I love realism. Real art for real people I like to say…

That said, I prefer a painting to look like a painting and not actually a photograph, hence my style, technique and compositions are all aimed at adding a contemporary feeling to my artwork.

In summary, I define my artwork style as being Contemporary Realism…

How is your artwork created?

I have extensively developed my own personal style and technique throughout my career and I create all oil paintings entirely using a knife, often in a limited colour palette, mixing only on the canvas, with a keen eye for detail and lots of passion.

I define my artwork style as being contemporary realism and the technique I employ is a form of segmented alla prima, completed in three wet on wet layers during each painting session: The dark shadows and undertones, the mid tones and then the highlights and light glaze effects. For compositions having a high chiaroscuro effect, I complete the underpainting layer in a lean black paint allowing the sweeping knife application textures to remain and effect the main subject in the second layer which transition into the deep shadows in a drybrush technique by scraping back.

Why do you paint using only a knife?

I started in 2006 when I became frustrated at spending so much time cleaning brushes as I change paint colours. With a knife, I simply wipe it on a tissue. The application and blending process is also slightly faster. In all, I reduced the time it takes to complete a painting by around 20%!

Also, I was going through 3 to 4 brushes per painting, as I only liked the very fine tip of sable brushes, which were expensive at that early stage of my career. my favourite type of detail knife lasts around 20 paintings before it needs replacing.

I love the creamy, buttery texture as I spread the paint on the canvas. Like buttering toast!

And I absolutely love the patchy, textured appearance of paint when applied wet on wet…

Overall, it adds a slight contemporary appearance to what are otherwise photo-realistic paintings.

Why do you mix paint only on the canvas?

I’ve never been a fan of mixing paint colours on my palette. I like to see the raw base colours that are not smoothly blended. It adds a slight contemporary appearance to what are otherwise photo-realistic paintings.

Also, I save a little time.

Which artists inspire you?

Several of the post-Renaissance classical masters, but my favourite by far is William Bouguereau.

I also greatly admire Turner, Da Vinci, Botticelli, Millaise, Klimt, Rembrandt…

Do you undertake commissions?

I am always willing to consider undertaking certain fine art commissions depending upon the subject matter. For full details see Commissions

What original artwork do you have available for sale?

All available originals can be found in my shop: Available Originals

Do you varnish originals?

Yes. Varnishing is an aesthetic decision and I recommend that paintings are varnished unless the buyer truly dislikes the appearance. All of my original oil paintings are provided varnished by default, for protection, using Gamblin Gamvar gloss picture varnish as it breathes and allows oxidization of the oil paint below to continue. If need be, it’s easily removed by an experienced buyer, or a specialist restorer, using Gamblin Gamsol odourless mineral spirits, or equal in accordance with Gamblin’s recommendations.

Varnishing is not essential, however, can be undertaken by an experienced buyer, or a specialist restorer, in order to protect the artwork for display, give it a desired matt, semi-gloss, or gloss surface finish, or simply to enhance the surface lustre after a period of time.  Varnishing also gives a uniform surface appearance to oil paintings, as different oil paint types and colours can harden with a slightly different surface ‘sheen’, especially where glazed or at areas of overlapping between painting sessions hence I do recommend it.

However, only specific mediums must be used and in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations. For regular varnishes, it must not be applied for at least 6 months following painting of the original to allow sufficient hardening. Note that oil paint usually takes around 40 years to thoroughly dry!

How can I purchase one of your originals?

All originals are in my Shop: Originals

They are categorised by the subject and if you select the subject required, you can directly add the artwork to your shopping cart, then checkout.

Also, you can select the artwork image to visit it’s product page and see more information, images and options for framing and gift wrapping.

Or contact me to discuss your requirement in person.

Can I try before I buy?

Yes, if you are within an hour’s drive of Wokingham. I will happily bring along one or more originals for you to hang in your home before making a decision. Contact me to make the arrangements…

Limited edition Hand Embellished Prints

See also my Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Prints shop for more information and prices

What artwork is available in this Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Print format?

All of the artwork in the galleries pages.

What makes your limited editions ‘Limited’?

There are only 99 prints in the edition and once they are gone, they are really gone. There will be no more, so they are extremely exclusive.

What is the hand embellishment process?

I add a subtle gold or silver leaf to certain prints that lend themselves to this process, where it will enhance the contemporary feel of the artwork. Some of the prints don’t lend themselves to the appearance of metal leaf.

When metal leaf is added, I seal it with a special sealant to prevent tarnishing over time, as it will otherwise react with varnish.

For the main hand embellishment process, I carefully and painstakingly add textured impasto style brush strokes on highlights and features of the subject and background, also detailed finely textured brush stroke varnishing throughout to replicate an original painting as closely as possible.

What’s so special about these limited edition prints?

The prints are THE highest quality possible:

  1. I scan the original oil painting at between 600dpi and 1,200dpi, which is at least double the industry standard resolution and that used by all the major publishers.
  2. I then print on Epson’s top of the range 350gsm Premium Satin Canvas at 2,880dpi, which is seven times the industry standard resolution. They are guaranteed lightfast, all of the intricate fine detail of the original artwork is accurately reproduced and the quality is absolutely superb. A border of approximately 1cm is provided for mounting on board and framing.
  3. See also the FINE ART PRINTS section below.

Then I personally undertake the hand embellishment process as detailed above.

The finished prints are extremely resilient and waterproof, hence glazing is not necessary and the surface may easily be dusted and wiped clean.

Admirers can easily see and touch the detailed textures for that extra dimension of a ‘touchy-feely’ experience and they may be forgiven for believing it to be and original oil painting. I assure you that they will want to touch and feel the surface.

Each print is individually hand embellished so they are all different. No two of my limited edition prints are the same.

Do you offer them unframed?

Yes, for those who prefer to have them framed by their local bespoke framer to suit their personal tastes and match their home décor.

Do you offer them framed and ready to hang?

Yes. I offer them framed in a 5cm solid black textured wooden frame.

Black is a neutral colour that looks great in any home and environment as most interiors have black items in them and it stands out as a statement, drawing attention to the artwork without distracting from it.

  • For the 60cm x 40cm and the 90cm x 60cm sizes, I mount the print on an adhesive backboard, then on a hardboard for extra rigidity. It’s then secured in the frame by means of flexible pins so that it can easily be removed should reframing ever be required.
  • For the 122cm x 81cm and the 153cm x 102 sizes, I stretch the prints on stretcher bars, then secure it in the frame by means of spring retaining clips so that it can easily be removed should reframing ever be required.
How can I purchase one of your Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Prints?

A selection of my Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Prints are in my Shop: Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Prints

They are categorised by the subject and if you select the subject required, you can directly add the artwork to your shopping cart, then checkout.

Also, you can select the artwork image to visit it’s product page and see more information, images and options for framing and gift wrapping.

Or, from the product page Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Prints – Select Image Required you can add the title of the artwork required, select the size and see options for framing and gift wrapping.

Or contact me to discuss your requirement in person.

Can I try before I buy?

Yes, if you are within an hour’s drive of Wokingham. I will happily bring along one or more Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Prints for you to hang in your home before making a decision. However, I don’t have all artwork available in this format, so it may not be the exact image you require, but it will demonstrate the quality and appearance of the hand embellishment. Contact me to make the arrangements…

Limited Edition Hand Embellished Resin Prints

See also the LIMITED EDITION HAND EMBELLISHED PRINTS section above

See also my Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Resin Prints shop for more information and prices

What artwork is available in this Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Resin Print format?

All of the artwork in the galleries pages.

What’s so special about these prints?

For the prints, the image and canvas are extended around the sides of a 4cm deep box section frame with a backing board for extra rigidity and support.

I personally undertake the hand embellishment process as detailed above.

I then coat the entire print in a clear, non-aging, extremely resilient resin having a high gloss ‘mirror like’ finish. They look absolutely amazing and are my most contemporary type of print, perfect for a modern interior and décor.

The finished prints are extremely resilient and waterproof, hence glazing is not necessary and the surface may easily be dusted and wiped clean.

And the edition of these is limited to only 50, hence they are extremely exclusive.

Do you offer them unframed?

Yes, as they can be hung unframed due to the box canvas construction and the gallery wrap canvas that extends around the sides.

Also, for those who prefer to have them framed by their local bespoke framer to suit their personal tastes and match their home décor.

Do you offer them framed and ready to hang?

Yes. I offer an extremely high quality, 5cm deep, 1.5cm thick, textured solid black wood, contemporary tray frame having a 1.5cm gap from the print and flush with the print surface is also available, for a more sophisticated appearance.

The 1.5cm gap is just enough to see the extended image sides of the print, insert a finger tip and for cleaning. It also matches the frame thickness, so looks just right!

There are images of the frames in the product page here: Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Resin Print

How can I purchase one of your Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Resin Prints?

A selection of my Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Resin Prints are in my Shop: Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Resin Prints

They are categorised by the subject and if you select the subject required, you can directly add the artwork to your shopping cart, then checkout.

Also, you can select the artwork image to visit it’s product page and see more information, images and options for framing and gift wrapping.

Or, from the product page Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Resin Prints – Select Image Required you can add the title of the artwork required, select the size and see options for framing and gift wrapping.

Or contact me to discuss your requirement in person.

Can I try before I buy?

Yes, if you are within an hour’s drive of Wokingham. I will happily bring along one or more Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Prints for you to hang in your home before making a decision. However, I don’t have all artwork available in this format, so it may not be the exact image you require, but it will demonstrate the quality and appearance of the hand embellishment and resin. Contact me to make the arrangements…

Fine Art Prints

See also my Fine Art Prints shop for more information and prices

What artwork is available in this Fine Art Print format?

All of the artwork in the galleries pages.

Why do you self-publish and produce your own prints?

Because I am an absolute perfectionist and quality is paramount in all aspects of my artwork.

In order to control the quality, I prefer to handle it myself and have been doing it since 2004 when I purchased my first large format giclée printers.

Prior to being a full time professional artist, I also managed the engineering operations of a design engineering office, producing huge volumes of media, so I am fully conversant with all software and hardware aspects of the printing process.

What printers do you use?

I have two Epson Surecolour Professional Giclée Printers and both print at a high definition 2880 x 1440 dpi, 98% pantone, using genuine Epson UV resistant 10 colour 100% pigmented inks, guaranteed lightfast for 75 years on the highest quality Epson media. They are under an Epson on site maintenance agreement to ensure they are always in perfect condition.

  • Surecolour SC-P9000 – 44″ roll feed which I use for all canvas prints and paper prints above A2 size
  • Surecolour SC-P5000 I use this for all cut sheet prints up to A2 size
What inks do you use?

I use only genuine Epson UV resistant 10 colour 100% pigmented inks, purchased from a major Epson retailer, guaranteed lightfast for 75 years.

Even some reputable printers use non-OEM inks to save money. There are lots of non-OEM so called ‘Epson compatible’ inks on the market so be careful. After all, if you have a high performance Mercedes AMG sports car, do you buy recycled tyres made by the Lucky Rubber Co.?

What media do you use?

I stock and use the following media:

  • Epson 350 gsm Premium Satin Canvas – For all sizes
  • Epson 300 gsm Smooth Natural Fine Art Cotton Art Paper – For cut sheet sizes up to A2
  • Colourbyte 310 gsm Silky Smooth White Cotton Rag Archival Art Paper – For cut sheet sizes up to A2
  • Colourbyte 230 gsm Heavy Matt Coated Premium Paper – For roll feed sizes above A2

However, I can print on to media by most manufacturers for orders that warrant purchasing the minimum quantity from my supplier. Contact me should you wish to discuss this.

What sizes can you print?

Do you offer a discount if I purchase several prints?

Yes. I offer a 10% discount for 5 or more prints and 20% for 10 or more prints. Contact me for a discount code.

If you are a trade reseller such as a gallery, Contact me to discuss.

Do you offer them unframed?

Yes, for those who prefer to have them framed by their local bespoke framer to suit their personal tastes and match their home décor.

This also keeps postage and packing costs to a minimum as I don’t charge for this.

Do you offer them framed and ready to hang?

Not normally, as There are too many variables in size and media.

However, I occasionally have a few in stock that have been exhibited. Contact me if you wish to know what’s available,

Greeting Cards

See also my Greeting Cards shop for more information and prices

What artwork is available in this Greeting Card format?

All of the artwork in the galleries pages.

Are you able to add personalised text and an image to the rear of the cards?

Yes, for orders of 6 or more packs, I can add personalised text and an image to the rear of the cards. This could be a business name, address and contact details such as a gallery, store, venue, group, society, club, etc. Also a family. This is perfect as a business promotion or for an event.

Printing Services

See also my Printing Services page for more information and prices

Is there any difference between the prints you do for yourself and for other artists?

No. Everything is exactly the same. See the FINE ART PRINTS section above.

How can I send you the images of my artwork for printing?

If you are local, feel free to call in to my studio with the images.

Via email is fine and if the image / s are over 20MB, I prefer via Wetransfer or similar.

How large can you print my artwork?

I can print extremely large sizes, as I do for my own artwork, though the quality of the image depends upon the image itself and the quality of the image files you have.

Standard fine art publishing quality is 300dpi, though a high quality scan can be printed at as low as 100dpi and still look quite good.

Most digital cameras and mobile phones capture quite high resolution images, but because the lens and CMOS image capture chip are so small and the camera or mobile is hand held, the quality is not very good. Try opening the file on a desktop and viewing at 100% resolution and you will see.

I can upscale images to 300dpi at 60″ using Photoshop and retain the resolution (level of detail), though detail simply cannot be created where it didn’t exist.

Contact me to discuss if it’s a concern.

Can you remove imperfections and blemishes from the image files before printing?

Yes, within reason.

I can seamlessly remove blemishes using Photoshop software though it can be quite time consuming so it’s best to let me see the image file and I will advise what’s possible.

Do you also deliver the prints for free?

Yes, Worldwide!!!!

Can you do drop shipping, directly to my customer?

Yes, for which I won’t include any paperwork, though bear in mind that the prints won’t then be signed, unless you have your signature on the image.

Scanning Services

See also my Scanning Services page for more information and prices

Why should I have my artwork scanned?

Because an accurate, high definition and high quality scan image:

  • Will help to sell the original, and at a higher price, because viewers will see the quality of the original
  • Lasts forever and will earn revenue long after the original has sold
  • Will enable printing at any size, up to 16 times that of the original at the publishing industry standard 300dpi resolution
  • Is simply THE best way to earn lucrative passive income from artwork
  • The cost can be recovered from the sale of just one print
  • I sell literally thousands of prints of my own artwork Worldwide, and I will help you to do the same…
What’s the benefits of scanning as opposed to having my artwork photographed?

A typical high specification digital SLR camera is approximately 20 megapixels. So the resolution of a typical photograph is around 5,000 x 4,000 pixels. Less after cropping. Whilst this may sound reasonable, the pixels are blurred because the lens is so small. There’s a huge difference and if you zoom into a photo taken by a mobile camera or even a high specification camera, you can see the difference.

For reference, the scan file of a typical 24″ x 36″ (61cm x 91.7cm) painting is up to 30,000 x 20,000 pixels = 600 megapixels.

The lens of a mobile camera is around 10mm², a high specification camera is around 10cm² and my scanner lens is 1,247cm². My scanner lens is 125 times larger than the size of a high specification camera and it’s flat, so there’s no distortion.

So, a scan file is 30 times higher resolution that the photograph and those pixels are around 125 times clearer.

Further, the colour, tone and contrast of the scan file are 100% accurate as the lighting within the scanner is self contained, unaffected by its environment, extremely bright, white and uniform, unlike that in a room when taking a photograph. There’s also no camera shake with a flatbed scanner and there’s zero distortion. Have you ever tried taking a photograph of a rectangle and fitting it to the frame of the camera image?

For further details and images of both a scan and a photograph see: Scanning Services

Is such high resolution necessary?

Only if quality is important. That’s why I both scan and print at such a high resolution, as quality is absolutely paramount to myself.

I also print at extremely high quality and I need the very best scan file to produce the very best prints.

And I regularly produce prints that are several times larger than the original painting and if the scan files aren’t extremely high resolution, such large prints won’t be crystal clear..

What type of scanner do you use?

I use an Epson 12000XL flatbed professional graphics scanner at an extremely high resolution up to 1,200 dpi and 48bit colour, using Silverlight professional scanning software.

How much does it cost to have my artwork scanned?

Prices start at only £13 for an A3 original and the cost for all sizes should be recoverable from the sale of just one print.

See my price list here: Scanning

Do you offer a discount if I have several artworks scanned?

Yes, volume discounts are available as follows:

  • For 5 or more scans = 10%
  • For 10 or more scans = 20%

What is the maximum size of artwork that can be scanned?

I can comfortably scan at up to 122cm x 213cm, or 161cm x 161cm

See Scanning

How can I get my original artwork to you for scanning?

If you are within driving distance of Wokingham you can hand deliver it which make packing easier and saves the cost of insured postage. Or I may be able to collect.

Or, you can post them to me.

I can also arrange collection and / or return by a reputable courier at a reasonable cost.

How can I use scans of my artwork to generate additional income?

Basically, via:

  • The sale of self published prints
  • Securing a publishing contract with one or more publishers
  • The sale of print on demand prints and other merchandise
  • The sale of image licenses
  • Securing a licensing contract with one or more licensors
  • The sale of greeting cards and other products

I sell literally thousands of prints of my own artwork Worldwide, and I will help you to do the same…

One small, cheap giveaway product featuring scans of my artwork attracted a gallery owner in the USA to purchase 9 of my originals!

I also offer a consulting service to help with this and other aspects of your art practice: Coaching

Art Events

See also my Fine Art Events page for more information

Can you conduct an art class for a group of people?

Yes!

I can do this as a Team Building event for an office or business.

I can also do this for a group of friends, an event or at a party.

Contact me to discuss.

Can you arrange the venue?

Yes!

General

Can I pay in instalments?

Yes, there’s a Klarna payment facility for up to 3 months for all products in my Shop which appears during checkout.

If longer is required or something outside of Klarna, contact me to discuss.

Where can I view your art in person?

Visitors are welcome in my home studio in Wokingham, Berkshire.

I am also represented by several galleries that have stocks of my artwork – Representation

I also participate in art fairs and exhibitions – Exhibitions

I am currently in negotiation for a high street retail unit in Wokingham, so watch this space…

What types of artwork do you have for sale?

I have the following artwork available in my Shop:

All of my artwork is available in the various print formats.

If you cannot find what you are looking for, contact me and I will try to help.

Where can I see your price list?

All originals are individually priced, depending upon the artwork size, level of detail, effort that went unto creating it and occasionally any licensing fees. The prices are shown in my Shop on each original: Originals

All Fine Art Print prices are uniform throughout all images and depend only upon the media and size. The prices are shown in my Shop on each Fine Art Print: Fine Art Prints

All Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Print prices are uniform throughout all images and depend only upon the size. The prices are shown in my Shop on each Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Print: Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Prints

All Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Resin Print prices are uniform throughout all images. The prices are shown in my Shop on each All Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Resin Print: Ltd Edition Hand Embellished Resin Prints

All Greeting Card prices are uniform throughout all images. The prices are shown in my Shop: Greeting Cards

The prices of my Printing services are here: Printing Services

The prices of my Scanning Services are here: Scanning Services

Do you accept offers?

It depends upon the type, price and quantity of artwork involved, also the buyer. Contact me to discuss…

What payment methods do you accept?

My preferred payment method is a bank transfer, for which I will provide my address and account details.

However I also accept card payments, cheques, PayPal and cash for face to face purchases during Art Fairs and in my studio.

I also have a Klarna facility in my shop for payment by instalments.

What is your despatch time?

For originals and fine art prints, I am usually able to despatch within 1 – 2 working days.

For ltd edition prints, if I have one available in stock, I am usually able to despatch within 1 – 2 working days. If I don’t have one available in stock, it may take me up to 5 working days to despatch as the process takes several days due to preparation and drying time between stages.

If an order is especially urgent I will prioritise it.

What postal service do you use?

For originals and framed Ltd Edition Prints, I use either the UK’s Parcel Force or DHL.

For prints, I use either the UK’s Royal Mail or Parcel Force.

How much is the postage cost?

It’s currently free for everything – Worldwide!

This is for the courier’s economy service.

If an expedited delivery is required, I can do this but I need to charge an additional amount. Contact me to discuss.

Do you do rentals?

I would consider it on a case by case basis, depending upon the artwork, location and term. Contact me to discuss your requirements.

Can I use or licence the use of an image of your artwork?

Yes, here’s how to go about it: Image Use

Caring for your ARTWORK

Where should I locate my artwork?

(Location, location, location..!) Avoid locating artwork in direct sunlight. Fading due to UV sunlight rays is cumulative and irreversible. If possible, display in a room with blinds or curtains that can be closed during the day.

Do not locate artwork directly above a radiator or other heat source, or directly in the field of any forced ventilation. If you must locate artwork above a radiator, install a radiator shelf to prevent the heat from rising directly onto the artwork or frame.

Whilst the height and location with respect to a surrounding artwork collection and other wall mounted objects is entirely a personal choice, consider locating unglazed artwork out of reach of children, and even on a wall above an item of furniture, so that over enthusiastic admirers cannot easily reach across and touch the surface!

Don’t worry about grouped or multiple artwork frames being exactly level with each other or adjacent door frames etc. If alignment is required, align the top edges, if not, try staggering them, as it’s extremely difficult to be exact and a randomness creases a more interesting effect, though they should always be around eye level.

It’s extremely important however to display artwork and be proud of it, as it’s yours and reflects your personality. Artwork does not belong in storage or hidden away from view.

Avoid locating artwork in an area prone to large or sudden temperature changes from hot to cold. The room temperature and relative humidity should also remain reasonably constant, as large temperature changes cause expansion and contraction of both the artwork and framing materials, which can lead to structural damage in paper or canvas, weaken the attachment of artwork, and cause a small rippling affect. Ideally, the temperature should remain between 10 and 25°C and between 40% and 60% relative humidity. If you are located in a humid or coastal area, consider the use of a de-humidifier. Smoking within the same room should be avoided if at all possible.

I want more artwork but I don’t have the space and I don’t want to dispose of any. What should I do?

Artwork should be rotated during each season and even when you have an event or specific guests visiting. Consider also rotating with family or friends.

Spare artwork can easily be stored in a loft or other dry location and I highly recommend ArtPAKK padded bags that I use to transport artwork to customers and exhibitions.

Even museums store artwork out of the way and rotate it from their store and with other museums and collectors.

How should I clean my artwork?

Dust frames and the surface of oil paintings and prints on canvas with a duster or soft brush.

Avoid water or cleaning fluids on the frame or artwork wherever possible. If water or a cleaning fluid has to be used on the glass or frame, apply lightly to a soft cloth, do not spray the glass or frame.

If the surface of an oil painting, varnished print or resin print cannot be cleaned with a duster, very carefully use a damp cloth with warm water only. Do not use cleaning fluids.

Never apply water or a wet cloth on the surface of a paper or unvarnished canvas print.

My artwork somehow got damaged. What should I do?

Original oil paintings can be repaired, whether it’s a stain, scratch or even a tear or hole. Your insurance should cover such accidents, but it is a good idea to check with them at the time of policy arrangement. Check online for a nearby professional restorer or I can recommend a professional restorer in Berkshire…

Prints may not be repairable or the cost may mat be economical with respect to replacement.

My print got wet from a leak, what should I do?

Even a small amount of water from a leaky roof or pipe or can do significant damage to artwork. If objects get wet, seek repair advice from a professional immediately. However, in general, it is important to dry paper right away before mould starts. Wet objects in frames must be removed from their frames. If you are hesitant to handle the damp paper, expose the object by removing the backing from the frame. Your insurance should cover such accidents, but it is a good idea to check with them at the time of policy arrangement.

still have a question?